A major study of electronic voting machines (including ES&S) by the State of Ohio in 2007 concluded: “…public confidence in the new machines and in Ohio’s election system have suffered. Individuals, election officials, non-partisan voting rights advocacy groups, and expert researchers both in Ohio and throughout the United States have expressed concerns regarding election integrity, security, accuracy, vote verification, ad recounts… Numerous documented malfunctions with elections systems and software, both statewide and nationally, have fueled public concern and contributed to the overall uncertainty of voters…
“Excessive dependence on any voting machine company to operate the state’s elections, when the company’s voting system is subject to trade secret or proprietary information claims results in a loss of transparency that should exist to insure election officials and the public that a fair and accurate process has been implemented for democratic self-governance.”

“The Security Plan is not available for public review,” Bowers wrote in an email. “I am sure that you can understand that protecting the integrity of the election process means not allowing outsiders access to certain items. We conduct very transparent elections but as in any other business (banking, etc) there are some things you don’t want everyone to be able to access and tamper with.”

Aside from the technical problems with machines in Charleston County, there were also personnel questions. Two of Bowers’ sons, Tim and Randy, work as rovers for the county election commission, with Tim reporting to Randy, who reports to a commissioner, who reports to Bowers herself.
“This is a terrible executive command system,” Heindel said.
There is also an apparent case of nepotism at the State Election Commission, with executive director Marci Andino’s son Michael also working as a rover.